What are the Hiring Requirements for Trucking Companies?

Large commercial truck drives down a lonely two-lane highway in the desert

Driving a commercial vehicle is a serious responsibility. There are many risks involved in driving large vehicles for long distances, which is why it is so important that truck drivers meet the requirements of the job.

Here’s what you need to know about trucking company hiring requirements:

Federally Recognized Criteria

In addition to any requirements a particular company may set for their drivers, there are some federal mandates that must be met, including:

  • Age requirement — 21+ years.
    • Certain rules allow 18-year-olds to operate semi-trucks, but generally, federal law requires commercial truck drivers to be at least 21 years old. As it stands, an 18-year-old may drive in most states without crossing state lines. However, most trucking companies won’t hire drivers younger than 21 years old.
  • Provide 10 years of driving history.
    • Applicants must provide a 10-year driving history for each state he or she has lived in. This includes any citations or collisions that happened during that timeframe.
  • Have a valid commercial driver’s license (CDL) or be able to pass the CDL exam.
    • The CDL includes three elements:
      • Road test,
      • Vehicle inspection, and
      • Backing test.
  • Meet the medical qualifications.
    • There are certain medical conditions that prevent people from being able to safely handle driving a commercial vehicle. In order to keep the roads safe, people with certain medical conditions cannot legally operate commercial vehicles.

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